Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen

AKC Miscellaneous Class


Xpreszo du Greffier du Roi, Dutch, French, International and European Champion. Crufts BOB. Multiple BIS. Owned by Mrs. Jolanda Huisman and Mrs. Marlou K©nings. Photo Copyright © Mrs. Marlou K©nings. All rights reserved.

Xpreszo du Greffier du Roi, Dutch, French, International and European Champion. Crufts BOB. Multiple BIS. Owned by Mrs. Jolanda Huisman and Mrs. Marlou K©nings. Photo Copyright © Mrs. Marlou K©nings. All rights reserved.

This long, low hound is the descendant of the rough-coated hounds brought to Gaul (now known as France) by the Romans in the first century B.C. By the 16th century, the French aristocracy, who considered hunting the sport of kings, had created about a dozen breeds of hounds, all bred for different game (hares, boars, fox, and upland birds). For example, longer-legged hounds could hunt larger game for the aristocracy, who could follow these swift dogs on horseback. Short-legged hounds, like the Petit and Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen (shortened to PBGV and GBGV respectively), were better suited for less wealthy hunters who had no horses, so hunters could keep up with their dogs as they hunted small game such as hare and rabbit on foot.

The GBGV name translates to the larger (grand) low-to-the-ground dog (basset) with a wiry coat (griffon) that was developed in Vendéen (a region in France). There are three other Griffon Vendéen breeds as well: the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen (15 inches), the Briquet Griffon Vendéen (22 inches), and the Grand Griffon Vendéen (26 inches).

A scent hound, the GBGV generally hunts in packs (much like the Foxhound and Beagle). The breed is valued for its courage, stamina and generous voicing while on the trail. In both the United States and Europe, the GBGV has also been used for tracking people.

The Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen was only imported into the United States in 1989, when just three dogs arrived. The fourth did not arrive until 1991. The dogs were bred to each other and started producing litters that year. Only a few other dogs have been imported since that time; less than a half dozen people are breeding them in the US.

The AKC began recording the GBGV in its Foundation Stock Service in 2004 and the breed was welcomed to the AKC Miscellaneous Class as of Jan. 1, 2014.


The Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen should be well-balanced, strongly built, and longer than tall with a moderately long muzzle, long ears, and a long tail. The eyes are large, dark and oval, with pigmented rims. The ears should be long and narrow, with oval tips and long hair, set below the level of the eye. The skull is domed, the stop should be well defined, the muzzle is long, and the nose bridge is slightly Roman. The dog should have both a beard and a mustache. The nose should be black, except in dogs with white/orange and white/lemon coats, in which cases the nose can be brown.

The neck is strong and thick at the base. The top line is level, with slightly prominent withers and a slight rise over the loins. The body should be sturdy and broad, the loin well-muscled. The GBGV’s belly has no tuck up. The long, hairy tail extends at least to the hock and tapers slightly and should be carried like a saber or slightly curved (but not over the back).

The front legs are straight. The back legs have a strong, well-defined thigh. The feet are large, oval, and tight with strong, short nails. Both front and back dewclaws can be removed.

The coat is rough and straight and has an undercoat. It shouldn’t be too long. Hair on the bridge of the nose should fan up between the eyes; there should also be distinct protective eyebrows. The coat should be tricolor (white with any other two colors), bicolor (white with any one other color), or black and tan.

The GBGV’s gait is free and easy, with the hind legs providing strong drive.

Key Facts

  • Height:  15.5 to 18 in.
  • Size:  Medium.
  • Weight:  12 to 16 lbs.
  • Availability:  Difficult to find.
  • Talents:  Watchdog, agility, jogging, lure coursing, obedience, tricks.


American Hairless Terriers will sweat when hot or scared. They are not good swimmers and need to be watched carefully in the water. They also need protection from the sun (including sunscreen and light covering), as well as from extreme cold. American Hairless Terriers sometimes develop rashes from grass or other irritants and they are prone to cuts and scrapes due to the lack of a protective coat. This breed needs to be bathed at least once a week.


Intelligent, eager to please, and full of energy, the medium-sized American Hairless Terrier cannot hunt due to its lack of coat. But these dogs still love to work, play, and perform—in agility, obedience, tracking, Frisbee, or any other kind of dog sport that involves interacting with their people. They make wonderful companions, especially for families with children, as they balance fun-loving energy with a love of napping indoors and cuddling. But this is still a terrier and prone to feistiness, which means they need a strong human leader. Due to their lack of hair and minimal dander, these dogs can be good for people who are allergic to dogs.


  • Children:  Good with children.
  • Friendliness:  Fairly friendly with strangers.
  • Trainability:  Very easy to train.
  • Independence:  Moderately dependent on people.
  • Dominance:  Moderate.
  • Other Pets:  Good with other pets if raised with them from puppyhood.
  • Combativeness:  Not generally dog aggressive.
  • Noise:  Average barker.


  • Grooming:  Regular grooming needed.
  • Trimming & Stripping:  No trimming or stripping needed.
  • Coat:   Hairless.
  • Shedding:   None.
  • Exercise:  Moderate exercise needed.
  • Jogging:  An excellent jogging companion.
  • Indoors:   Relatively inactive indoors.
  • Apartments:  Will be OK in an apartment if sufficiently exercised.
  • Outdoor Space:  OK without a yard.
  • Climate:  Does well in most climates.
  • Owner:   Good for novice owners.
  • Longevity:  Long (15 or more years).

Useful Links

AKC® Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen Breed Standard

Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen Breed Club

Search for a Breeder

Rescue Organizations

No rescue contact.

Books about the Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen

Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen Gifts